Female Reproductive System Basics

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Female Reproductive System Basics

When trying to conceive a baby or struggling with any gynecological condition, the best course of action is to start learning about your body from the very basics. Previously, we discussed the basics of female reproductive cycle and in this post, we will briefly go through the female anatomy. Reader discretion is advised.

** Reader discretion is advised. This post contains sexual content and may not be fit for readers of all ages.

The female reproductive system contains a set of organs in the woman’s pelvis and belly.

Main Organs

The main organs in this beautifully designed reproductive system are:

  1. Uterus
  2. Ovaries
  3. Fallopian Tubes
  4. Cervix
  5. Vagina

We discuss this briefly as follows.

Female Reproductive Organs


It is a muscle and it is where a baby grows during pregnancy.


There are two ovaries in the female body, one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries regulate hormones in the female body, helping her to mature to puberty. One of these ovaries release an egg each cycle in a process called “ovulation”. If this egg is fertilized by a male sperm, then pregnancy can occur.

Fallopian Tubes:

Fallopian tubes connect the uterus to the ovaries hence there are two tubes on either side of the uterus. When an ovary releases an egg, it is carried to the uterus via these fallopian tubes.


Cervix is the opening of the uterus towards the vagina. During childbirth, the baby passes through this and to make this possible, the opening of the cervix expands to about 10 centimeters to accommodate the baby.


Vagina is the organ which connects the uterus to the outside world. During sexual intercourse, the male penis enters the vagina, and not the uterus directly. The vagina is the place from where you get the menstrual blood flow. Please note that this is NOT the same place as from where you urinate.

You can think of the vagina and cervix as nature’s way of guarding the uterus from outside infections and toxins.

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Mehreen Farhan

Blogger. Technology Enthusiast. Community Builder. Book hoarder. #TeamWordpress. Aspiring Moodler. 🚀