[Ramzan, 20] Welcome to Day 20 of our Ramzan Writing Series.
As we enter the last ashra of Ramzan, we talk about menstruation today so that we can plan our ibaadaat likewise.
Menstruation, or periods in common language, is something that is not openly discussed in our society. Periods are something that every girl faces for all her reproductive years and so, it is important to discuss. What’s more, it is a form of ‘nijasat’ and as a Muslim we must know what is ‘tahaarat’ (cleanliness) too.
Allah says in the Quran, Surah Baqarah ayah 222,
“And they ask you about menstruation. Say, It is harm, so keep away from wives during menstruation. And do not approach them until they are pure. And when they have purified themselves, then come to them from where Allah has ordained for you. Indeed, Allah loves those who are constantly repentant and loves those who purify themselves.”
Quran uses the word ‘adhan’ to describe menses. The meaning of ‘adhan’ is taken in three contexts: sickness, pain and nijasat (filth). It is beautiful the way in which Allah acknowledges this distressed time in a woman’s month. Women are usually accused of exaggerating the whole idea of PMS, but here Allah has mentions & acknowledges it as pain and sickness.
Here are some quick do’s and don’t’s for a menstruating woman.
Women are not allowed to offer prayers during menses. A menstruating woman need not to make up for her prayers.
It is haraam for a menstruating woman to fast, whether it is an obligatory or a naafil fast.
•Tawaaf around the Kaaba:
It is not permissible for a menstruating woman to circumambulate (do tawaaf) the Kaaba, whether that is obligatory or naafil, and it is not valid if she does it. Based on a hadith, a woman can perform all other rituals of hajj and umrah, but cannot make tawaaf around the Kaaba.
•Staying in a mosque:
It is not permissible for a woman to stay in a mosque or any such place where the five prayers of the day are held on a regular basis. She can however pass through a mosque or stay in an adjoining place like the courtyard or a room separate to the praying area of the mosque. The only prohibition is to not stay in a place of prayer.
A menstruating woman cannot touch the printed text of the Quran. She can, however, use a tafseer book or even handle the Quran as long as she does not touch the Arabic text itself.
•Listening to Recitation:
A woman in menses can listen to the recitation of the Quran.
She can sit on the mussalla (prayer mat), do dhikr (remembrance of Allah) or touch a tasbeeh while she is having her periods.
If she gets a stain on any part of her dress, she can wash that particular part and continue to pray in those same clothes when she can.
? Menstruating women are NOT unclean:
At the time when Islam came, Jews treated menstruating women as filthy and unclean. They would lock up all those women together in a place of extreme filth till the time they had completed their period. They would not touch them or talk to them, and would treat them as untouchables. Islam cleared this misconception and stated that the woman is not unclean, rather it is the menstrual bleeding that is unclean. It distinguished between the two very firmly.
? Irregular Bleeding:
Lastly, we must add that there are many women who suffer from irregular bleeding. It is commonly known as spotting. Spotting is a kind of illness which is usually hereditary. It is not nijasat since it is not related to menses. If a woman suffers from spotting, she should estimate her period days to the best of her ability and continue to pray, fast and do other tasks during the rest of the month.
A menstruating woman can perform all her daily activities in a normal way while taking care not to go near that which is prohibited for her. She is in no way unclean because she is a mominah.
Husbands are encouraged to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) and to take care of their wives in this trying time, as for some women, it is a very painful experience.
There are many beautiful instances mentioned in the hadith books depicting the noble and tenderly loving demeanor of the Prophet (PBUH) with his wives.
May Allah increase us in knowledge. Ameen.
You can read the full article on TPW here: https://